Interpower Corporation

IP (Ingress Protection) Codes

IEC 60529 outlines an international classification system for the sealing effectiveness of enclosures of electrical equipment against the intrusion into the equipment of foreign bodies (i.e., tools, dust, fingers) and moisture. This classification system utilizes the letters “IP” (“Ingress Protection”) followed by two digits. (An “X” is used for one of the digits if there is only one class of protection; i.e., IP X4 which addresses moisture resistance only.) The IP Code Symbol Chart, helps illustrate the classification system.

Degrees of Protection—First Digit

The first digit of the IP code indicates the degree that persons are protected against contact with moving parts (other than smooth rotating shafts, etc.) and the degree that equipment is protected against solid foreign bodies intruding into an enclosure.

0 No special protection

1 Protection from a large part of the body such as a hand (but no protection from deliberate access); from solid objects greater than 50mm in diameter

2 Protection against fingers or other objects greater than 12.5mm

3 Protection from entry by tools, wires, etc., with a diameter or thickness greater than 2.5mm

4 Protection from entry by solid objects with a diameter or thickness greater than 1.0mm

5 Protection from the amount of dust that would interfere with the operation of the equipment

6 Dust-tight

Degrees of Protection—Second Digit

Second digit indicates the degree of protection of the equipment inside the enclosure against the harmful entry of various forms of moisture (e.g. dripping, spraying, submersion, etc.).

0 No special protection

1 Protection from vertically dripping water

2 Protection from vertically dripping water (15° tilted)

3 Protection from sprayed water

4 Protection from splashed water

5 Protection from jetting water

6 Protection from powerfully jetting water

7 Protection against temporary immersion

8 Protection against complete, continuous submersion in water